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Ediční činnost (Publikace)

State Environmental Policy of the Czech Republic 2004 – 2010


Název publikaceState Environmental Policy of the Czech Republic 2004 – 2010
Rok vydání2004
KategorieOBECNÉ
ENGLISH
Témaanglicky
strategie
VydalMinisterstvo životního prostředí
Práva© 2004 Ministerstvo životního prostředí. Všechna práva vyhrazena.
Obsah
Content
I. Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................6
II. Initial Conditions .....................................................................................................................................................................7
1. Continuity of SEP CR ..........................................................................................................................................................7
2. Legal, Economic and Administrative Framework of SEP CR ................................................................................8
3. Time Framework ..................................................................................................................................................................8
4. Basic Principles of Environmental Protection .............................................................................................................9
5. Analysis of Current Issues ................................................................................................................................................11
III. Targets of the Updated SEP CR in Priority Areas ..................................................................................................14
1. Nature Conservation, Protection of the Landscape and Biological Diversity ................................................14
1.1 Halting the Loss of Biodiversity ...................................................................................................................................14
1.2 Care for Aquatic and Wetland Ecosystems, Renewal of Aquatic Biotopes .................................................15
2. Sustainable Use of Natural Resources, Material Flows and Waste Management ......................................15
2.1 Protection of Surface and Groundwaters (quality and amount, drinking water sources) ...........................15
2.2 Protection of Nonrenewable Natural Resources....................................................................................................16
2.3 Utilization of Renewable Resources...........................................................................................................................17
2.4 Reduction of the Energy and Material Intensity of Production and Increased Material
and Energy Use of Wastes ..................................................................................................................................................18
3. Environment and the Quality of Life ...............................................................................................................................19
3.1 Reduction of the Burden on the Environment and the Population
from Toxic Metals and Organic Pollutants .......................................................................................................................19
3.2 Reduction of the Number (total area) of Territories where the Critical Loads are Exceeded
(acidification of the environment).........................................................................................................................................20
3.3 Protection of the Environment and Humans against Noise..................................................................................21
3.4 Sustainable Landuse .......................................................................................................................................................22
3.5 Reduction of Anthropogenic/Industrial Impacts and Risks.................................................................................22
3.6 Protection of the Environment against the Detrimental Effects of Natural Disasters
and the Consequences of Emergencies..........................................................................................................................23
4. Protection of the Climate System of the Earth and Prevention of Long-range Transport of Air Pollution. ......24
4.1 Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs) ............................................................................................................24
4.2 Reduction of Transboundary Transport of Air Pollution...............................................................................................25
4.3 Protection of the Ozone Layer of the Earth........................................................................................................................26
IV. Sectoral Policies .......................................................................................................................................................................26
1. The Energy Industry ..................................................................................................................................................................26
2. Mineral Extraction ......................................................................................................................................................................27
3. Industry .........................................................................................................................................................................................28
4. Business .....................................................................................................................................................................................28
5. Transport ...................................................................................................................................................................................29
6. Agriculture and Forest Management ...............................................................................................................................31
7. Protection and Use of Waters ...........................................................................................................................................32
8. The Environment and Health ............................................................................................................................................33
9. Regional Development, Renewal of Rural Areas and Tourism ..........................................................................34
V. Instruments of Implementation of SEP .........................................................................................................................36
1. Increasing of Public Awareness of Environmental Issues, Environmental Education and Public Awareness ....36
2. Legal Instruments ...............................................................................................................................................................37
3. Economic Instruments ......................................................................................................................................................38
4. Voluntary Instruments .......................................................................................................................................................39
5. Informative Instruments ....................................................................................................................................................40
6. Instruments of Strategic Planning .................................................................................................................................41
7. Instruments of Public Participation ...............................................................................................................................42
8. Research and Development .........................................................................................................................................43
10. Institutional Instruments ..................................................................................................................................................44
VI. Costs and effectiveness of the proposed targets .................................................................................................46
1. Survey of current economic developments ..............................................................................................................46
2. Trends and current conditions in the area of financing of the environment al protection in CR ................46
3. Expected available sources of financing ...................................................................................................................48
4. Effectiveness of expenditures in the environmental sector ..................................................................................48
VII. Environmental Indicators ..............................................................................................................................................49
Survey of selected indicators in CR and EU .................................................................................................................50
VIII. Annexes ............................................................................................................................................................................54
Annex 1: Current state of the Czech legislation ............................................................................................................54
Annex 2: Instruments for public participation .................................................................................................................55
Annex 3: Survey of multilateral international environmental agreements ............................................................56
Survey of international agreements that have come into force for CR .................................................................56
List of Abbreviations and Technical Terms ..................................................................................................................58
Soubory ke staženíspzp_en.pdf (1,284 kBytes)