Water protection is a complex sphere of activity consisting in conserving the quantity and quality of surface water and groundwater in compliance with the requirements of national and EU legislation. Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000, establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, is the fundamental legal regulation in water protection.
Water protection, water use and water rights are covered by Act no. 254/2001 Coll., on Waters and Amendments to some acts (the Water Act). Some of its provisions are specified and/or elaborated in sub-legal regulations (Government Ordinances, Regulations).
The Ministry of the Environment in conjunction with the Ministry of Agriculture present annual Reports on the State of Water Management in the Czech Republic to the Government. The Reports describe and review the quality and quantity of surface water and groundwater and the related legislative, economic, research and integration activities.