Waste management is a relatively young yet dynamically growing sector of the national economy. Industrially and economically advanced countries have only developed their waste management intensively over the last 20-30 years; the first Waste Act was adopted in the Czech Republic as recently as 1991. Prior to 1991, handling of waste was subject to no legislative control or rules in the Czech Republic, and was not governed by any sectoral rules with the exception of so-called secondary raw materials.
Legal rights and obligations are closely related to administrative tasks. The current Act no. 185/2001 Coll. (Waste Act (PDF, 223 kB )) emphasises waste prevention, defines the hierarchy of waste handling, and promotes the fundamental principles of environmental and health protection in waste handling.
The Waste section comprises information on how to handle generated waste as well as on waste prevention, obligatory handling of selected products, waste types and appliances, and relevant methodological guidelines. Examples include batteries and accumulators, PCBs, waste oils, waste water treatment plant sludges, asbestos waste, car wrecks, and electrical and electronic appliances. The Used Product Collection section provides information on products that are subject to the collection rules, the relevant methodological guidelines, and additional information under the Waste Act.