Waste is the most frequent and best documented “by-product” of human society. Municipal waste and sludge from wastewater treatment plants, in particular, are virtually the product of the entire population. However, most of us are confronted with the production of industrial, construction, biodegradable, hazardous, and many other types of waste on a daily basis.

Due to their specific properties and varying degrees of environmental risk, each waste flow requires a specific treatment method. The basic rules for waste treatment are set out by the Waste Act and its executive regulations. The goals and targets for the various waste treatment methods and the optimum ways of achieving them are set out by the Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic for 2003-2013 (PDF, 452 kB), which was published in the form of a Government Regulation in compliance with the Waste Act. Its implementation is reviewed annually by means of an Assessment Report, published on the Ministry website. Regional waste management plans and the waste management plans of waste producers in the entire country have to comply to the Waste Management Plan of the Czech Republic.

In order to be able to assess the waste management plans responsibly and to obtain data for administrative and inspection work, records are kept as part of waste management; they provide detailed data on waste production and treatment in compliance with EU regulations. The information obtained is crucial for further waste management planning, legislative work, and for the ministerial advisory bodies, including the Czech Republic Waste Management Board, composed of leading experts from all government departments as well as the non-governmental sector.

The sphere of waste management also includes the transboundary transportation of waste from and to the Czech Republic or across its borders. The transboundary transportation is covered by EU legislation and permitted under administrative procedures with the aim to minimise its risks and environmental impacts.