Sustainable Energy Sector and Transportation
Sustainable energy and transport
Demand for consumption of primary energy sources has been accelerating hand in hand with economic development of the world advanced countries. Growth in demand for the primary sources of energy will lead to constantly diminishing fossil fuel resources, while the mankind will have to look for other energy sources for final consumption in the near future.
The reason for the energy sources being in the foreground is due both to depletability of the fossil reserves and their environmental impacts. Their combustion produces considerable amounts of pollutants released into the atmosphere. In particular, carbon dioxide emissions represent a hot issue. That is why new combustion technologies, relying on the BAT (Best Available Techniques) principle, should be promoted, as they use energy reserves efficiently, giving off much less harmful emissions.
Through new energy sources, energy efficiency and energy savings, new vistas in energy and transport musts be opened that are based on the sustainability principle, i.e. that “maintain possibilities for both current and future generations to satisfy their basic needs, while they do not reduce diversity in nature and retain natural functions of ecosystems” (Sect. 6, Act No. 17/1992 Coll., on the environment).
The above issues are addressed by the Department of Sustainable Energy and Transport in Directorate of Climate and Air Protection (Directorate 800). In addition to sustainable energy and sustainable transport, the Department also deals with the Environmental Tax Reform as a tool designed to contribute to climate and air protection.