International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, Washington, 1946

The International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling was signed in Washington DC on 2nd December 1946. For the Czech Republic the Convention entered into force on 26. January 2006. The purpose of the Convention is to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry.

The main executive body of the Convention is the International Whaling Commission (IWC) which was set up under the Convention. The main duty of the IWC is to keep under review and revise as necessary the measures laid down in the Schedule to the Convention which govern the conduct of whaling throughout the world. These measures, among other things, provide for the complete protection of certain species; designate specified areas as whale sanctuaries; set limits on the numbers and size of whales which may be taken; prescribe open and closed seasons and areas for whaling; and prohibit the capture of suckling calves and female whales accompanied by calves. The compilation of catch reports and other statistical and biological records is also required.

In addition, the Commission encourages, co-ordinates and funds whale research, publishes the results of scientific research and promotes studies into related matters such as the humaneness of the killing operations.

The Commissioner of the Czech Republic to the IWC is Mrs. Veronika Vilímková.

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