Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) is an advanced system for regulation of industrial and agricultural activities in relation to the environment. The main emphasis is on a preventive approach, where pollution is avoided before it occurs by choosing appropriate production processes, resulting in cost savings on end-use technologies, raw materials and energy used.
Integrated prevention outperforms the sectoral approach, which typically only led to transfers of pollution from one environmental component to another, and the end-use technology strategy, which removes pollution once produced largely by means of filters, separators, and other cleaning devices.
A higher degree of environmental protection is achieved by applying best available techniques (BAT), which are production processes most considerate to the environment, applicable under regular technological and economic conditions. An overview of the European best available techniques is presented in the reference documents on BAT (BREF), prepared by the European Commission in co-operation with the industry, NGOs and Member States.
A practical application of the IPPC principle is the integrated permitting of industrial and agricultural installations. To obtain an integrated permit, a legal or natural person doing business in industry or agriculture as defined in Annex 1 to Act no. 76/2002 Coll., on Integrated Prevention, has to file a respective application with the regional authority in charge of issuing the permit (the Ministry of the Environment issues permits for installations with transboundary environmental impacts). The integrated permit replaces most of the sectoral permits (such as air and water protection, waste treatment, etc.).