Climate and Energy
Climate change is a serious environmental, economic and social topic which requires our attention. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established in order to collect scientific evidence of climate change. Scientists and institutions from all over the world are involved in the Panel. Their research results are then used as background information for political negotiations and ensuing decision-making. The most important step for international climate protection was the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It was implemented by the so-called Kyoto Protocol in 1997. A new international agreement on climate protection was approved in Paris in December 2015. The Paris Agreement was accepted by all Parties to the UNFCCC, which have committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and contribute to achieve the objective of holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels. The Paris Agreement entered into force in November 2016.
The EU and its 28 Member States committed to:
- reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 20 % by year 2020 in comparison with 1990 levels within the so-called 2020 Climate and Energy Package (2008);
- reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40 % by year 2030 in comparison with 1990 levels within the so-called 2030 Climate and Energy Framework (2014).
The European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) makes a significant contribution to the reduction of EU emissions. It involves the biggest emitters responsible for roughly 45 % of all greenhouse gas emissions in Europe.
The main strategic document dealing with climate change mitigation is the Climate Protection Policy of the Czech Republic, which was adopted in March 2017. The Policy defines greenhouse gas reduction targets for 2020 and 2030. It also includes indicative trajectories and objectives for 2040 and 2050. Further the Policy defines policies and measures for specific sectors on national level. Most of the identified policies and measures will be implemented by the time of the next Policy update, which is planned for 2023. This Policy should contribute to gradual transition to low emission development until 2050.
The main strategic document dealing with climate change adaptation is the Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic, which was adopted in October 2015. This strategy includes assessment of the climate change impacts and as well as proposals for specific adaptation measures. Further the strategy is implemented by the National Action Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change (NAP), which was adopted in January 2017.
The latest information on climate change issues is available in the 7. National Communication of the Czech Republic to the UNFCCC (PDF, 9 MB). This is a report on the steps Parties are taking to implement mitigation and adaptation measures and fulfil other commitments arising from the Convention and the Protocol.
The strategic energy objectives of the Czech Republic are primarily security, competitiveness and sustainability in the energy sector.
The updated version of the State Energy Policy (PDF, 2 MB) was approved by the government of the Czech Republic in 2015. This strategic document formulates priorities and strategic objectives in the energy part that are necessary for investors, citizens and state authorities in order to ensure the stability of investments in energy and related sectors in the long term. The strategic priorities of the energy sector include balanced energy mix, savings and efficiency, infrastructure and international cooperation, research, development and innovation and energy security.