Batteries and Accumulators
Negative environmental impact of batteries and accumulators lies particularly in content of toxic substances (Hg, Pb, Cd) and thereof is such waste classified as hazardous. First step for restriction of the negative environmental impact for discarded batteries is to reduce toxic ingredients in them and to use the secondary cells. These efforts are supported by current legislation. For significant restriction of migration of toxic ingredients into the environment is established separated collection, which helps to restrict mixed municipal waste pollution by such substances and wasting of raw materials. This environmental policy is solved by the Act No. 185/2001 Coll. on Waste. The Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators and repealing Directive 91/157/EEC was implemented in national law by the amendments of the Act No. 297/2009 Coll. and No. 154/2010 Coll. The amendment extended prohibition the placing on the market of batteries and accumulators that contain more than 0,002 % of cadmium by weight (so far it had been batteries and accumulators that contain more than 0,0005 % of mercury by weight), provided collection rates for portable batteries and accumulators (provision 9 of Art. II - interim provisions) and targets for recycling efficiencies, prohibition of incineration of batteries and accumulators, obligation for retailers set up in Annex 10 to take back all portable batteries and accumulators and established rules for authorization and operation of collective systems. Implementing regulation is the Decree No. 170/2010 Coll. on Batteries and accumulators.