Ambient Air Quality
The Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic is the central state organisation for protecting the ambient air quality.
The ambient air quality is affected by various sources of air pollution, mostly linked to human activity. The most important sources of air pollution in the Czech Republic are household heating, traffic, industry and transboundary air pollution.
The fundamental legal regulation covering air quality assessment and management is Act no. 201/2012 Coll., on air protection, as amended. The above-mentioned Act specifies the maximum level of ambient air pollution represented by the limit values. It also establishes key air protecting strategies (Programs for Air Quality Improvement and National Emission Reduction Programme), the National Air Quality Monitoring Network and the Air Quality Information System. Further details about the ambient air quality assessment are specified by Government Regulation no. 330/2012 Coll. on the method of assessment and evaluation of the level of ambient air pollution, the scope of informing the public about the level of air ambient pollution and in smog situations, as amended.
Programs for Air Quality Improvement
Programs for Air Quality Improvement (Air Quality Plans as defined by the Ambient Air Quality Directive 2008/50/EC) are published by the Ministry of the Environment of CZ in cooperation with local and regional municipalities and other national stakeholder involved in the air quality management. The aim of the Programs is to achieve limit values as soon as possible via mitigating measures. The time plan for implementation of mitigating measures established by the Programs is laid down in Programs themselves and further developed by local and regional municipalities in accordance with § 9 section 4 of the Air protection Act and published on their websites.
Programs for Air Quality Improvement established for the 2020+ period can be downloaded on this website (in CZ only).
Update of the National Emission Reduction Programme
The Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic is currently updating the National Emission Reduction Programme. This strategic document defines the state policy of emissions reduction of certain atmospheric pollutants. The respective substances include sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, ammonia, VOC and fine particulate matter PM 2,5.
The Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic already prepared the National Emission Reduction Programme in 2004, 2007 and 2015. The approved version of the document in the Czech language can be found here. The present updating process is related mainly to the necessity to meet the requirements of the Directive (EU) 2016/2284 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants. The National Emission Reduction Programme is being amended with respect to the above mentioned Directive´s provisions, so it can be considered a National Air Pollution Control Plan in accordance with that Directive. The National Emission Reduction Programme is also updated in order to meet the requirements of the national emission reduction commitments for years 2025 and 2030.
On the basis of the emission projections for the selected pollutants additional measures for further emission reductions have to be set to comply with the national emission requirements in 2030 and also to achieve the air quality objectives. The main goal of the National Emission Reduction Programme update is to identify additional measures for the further reduction of certain emissions.
The proposal of the updated analytic part of the above mentioned document was published on the web site of the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic on January 17th 2019. The Ministry invited the public and competent authorities to provide feedback to the draft document. Suggestions and comments were sent to the Ministry until the end of January this year. The exact procedure of the consultations was set in the paragraph related to the update of the National Emission Reduction Programme (here).
The updated National Emission Reduction Programme will be assessed in the SEA procedure as well. The public and competent authorities will also have a chance to provide their feedback to the document during the assessment process of SEA.
The Directive (EU) 2016/2284 defines the need of transboundary consultations especially if the air quality in neighbouring countries is affected. Therefore the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic carried out the analysis of transboundary contribution of the Czech Republic to the air quality in neighbouring states. Its results, together with the conclusions of the analytic part of the National Emission Reduction Programme, are published on this web page.