Sustainability criteria for biofuels

The Act No. 201/2012 Coll., on air protection (hereinafter “new Air Protection Act”) came into effect on 01.09.2012 and replaced the Act No. 86/2002 Coll., on air protection (hereinafter “old Air Protection Act”). New Air Protection Act changed some obligations for demonstrating compliance with sustainability criteria. Old Air Protection Act established the obligation of sellers and importers of biomass, producers, importers and sellers of liquid or gas products designed for the production of biofuels, and producers, importers and sellers of biofuels to issue documents demonstrating compliance with sustainability criteria to individual supplies of biomass, liquid or gas products designed for the production of biofuels or supplies of biofuels. The new Air Protection Act extended the obligation to issue documents demonstrating compliance with sustainability criteria to importers and sellers of petrol and diesel fuels with a share of biofuels which have not been released for consumption in the tax territory of the Czech Republic.

Sustainability criteria can be divided into two basic obligations. The first one consists in proving the origin of biofuels, which must document that the cultivation of biomass for biofuels production does not destroy biodiversity lands. The second obligation is to demonstrate avoiding greenhouse gas emissions during the life cycle of biofuels in comparison to fossil alternatives.