Climate Policy of the Czech Republic
The Climate Protection Policy of the Czech Republic along with the Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic represent specific policies regarding climate change.
The Climate Protection Policy of the Czech Republic was adopted by the Czech government in March 2017 and replaced former National Programme to Abate the Climate Change Impacts in the Czech Republic. The Policy defines main objectives in the climate protection at the national level to ensure the fulfilment of the greenhouse gas emission reduction objectives in order to reach international commitments of the Czech Republic. Furthermore it contributes towards gradual long-term transition to sustainable low emission economy.
The Policy further sets primary and indicative emission reduction targets, which should be reached in a cost efficient manner. Measures are proposed in the following key areas: energy, final energy consumption, industry, transport, agriculture and forestry, waste, science, research development and voluntary tools.
Primary emission reduction targets
- Greenhouse gas reduction of 32 Mt CO2eq. compared to 2005 until 2020
- Greenhouse gas reduction of 44 Mt CO2eq. compared to 2005 until 2030
Indicative emission reduction targets
- Indicative level towards 70 Mt CO2eq.of emitted greenhouse gases in 2040
- Indicative level towards 39 Mt CO2eq.of emitted greenhouse gases in 2050
The Policy covers a period from 2017 to 2030 and provides outlook until 2050. The first evaluation is planned in 2021 and on the basis of such evaluation the Policy will be updated by 2023.
In October 2015 the Czech government adopted the Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Czech Republic. This document represents a national adaptation strategy and includes assessment of the climate change impacts and proposals for specific adaptation measures, legislative and partial economic analysis, etc.
The Adaptation Strategy is being implemented by the National Action Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change which was adopted in 2017. Action plan was structured according to specific climate change impacts in the Czech Republic: Long-term droughts; Floods and flash floods; Extreme meteorological events (Heavy rainfall, Extremely high temperatures; Extreme wind); and Wild fires. Action plan contains 33 specific targets and one crosscutting target focused on education and awareness raising. These targets will be implemented through 52 priority measures, which have 160 priority tasks.